Area: 3,519.6 sq. km.
Population: 1,328,300 habitants (2005)
Capital: Viet Tri City.
Town: Phu Tho.
Districts: Ha Hoa, Thanh Ba, Doan Hung, Lam Thao, Thanh Son, Yen Lap, Tam Nong, Thanh Thuy, Phu Ninh, Cam Khe, Tan Son.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Muong, Dao, San Chay…
Hung Temple Festival - Phu Tho Province
Phú Tho is a province in northern Vietnam. The name of the province was derived from Sino-Vietnamese and its capital is Viet Trì, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Hanoi and 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Noi Bài International Airport. The province covers an area of 3528.1 square kilometres and, as of 2008, it had a population of 1,364,700.
The history of Phu Tho province is linked to the 18 Hung Kings who were credited with building the nation of Văn Lang. Because of its strategic location, the province is known as the “West Gate of Hanoi”. It is located at the confluence of two large rivers: the Red River and the Da River, and in a transitional area between the Red River Delta the country’s northern mountainous provinces. The Xuân Son National Park, established in February 2002, is located in the province about 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Viet Trì. The park covers an area of 15,048 hectares (37,180 acres), with over 11,000 hectares (27,000 acres) of natural forest and 1,396 hectares (8,670 mi) of limestone-mountain forests.
Phu Tho province is in one of the poorest areas of Vietnam and the poorest households earn below USD $6 per person per month. Tea is important to the economy of the province. The Hung Kings temple complex, located on Nghia Linh mountain in Viet Trì, is a complex of majestic architecture enclosing Ha Temple (built in the 15th century), Thien Quang pagoda, Gieng, Trung and Thuong temples, and King Hung’s tomb.
Hung Temple Festival - Phu Tho Province
The history of the area is traced to Đen Hùng (the Hung Temple), located on Nghia Linh mountain, which is taken as evidence of the historicity of the province and the 18 Hung Kings who are credited with building the nation of Văn Lang. Hence, the province is considered the first state of Vietnam, with Phong Châu as its capital. There are many festivals in the province linked to this historical lineage.
Located in the Plains and Midland in the North of Vietnam, Phu Tho shares border with Tuyen Quang, Yen Bai provinces on the north, Vinh Phuc, Ha Tay provinces on the east, Son La Province on the west and Hoa Binh Province on the south.
The terrain is mainly made up by hills. There are also three big rivers namely Red, Da and Lo rivers running through Phu Tho.
Phu Tho has a monsoon tropical climate with a cold winter and hot summer, annual average temperature of 23ºC, annual average rainfall of 1600-1800mm and annual average humidity of 85-87%.
Phu Tho is an ethnic origin land of Vietnam where the Hung Kings have found the Van Lang - the first country of Vietnam, Phong Chau district as the capital. Phu Tho has bright culture for a long time. The archaeological culture Son Vi, Dong Dau, Lang Ca and many pagodas, lentils, mausoleums around the mountainous area Nghia Linh, Phong Chau that is a cultural center land of the nation. This is the land of many festivals, notably the anniversary of Hung King Festival. Every year, in March 10th of lunar year, people from all regions come to this Temple to celebrate the Hung King Temple Festival, which is regarded as one of the most important festivals of Vietnam. The ethnic minorities also have the cultural characteristics of its own: The Muong have more narrative poems, folk songs, proverbs... Vietnamese people have traditional folk song of xoan sing, sing for teasing...
Besides Hung King Temple, there are several beauty spots to visit such as Xuan Son National Park and Ao Chau Pond. Every year, Xuan Son attracts many tourists to come for recreation and discovery diversified flora and fauna. Heading for Ao Chau, tourists can enjoy the fresh air and taste local specialties like fruits, carps, turtles, crabs, snails and so on.
Viet Tri City (Phu Tho) is 80km from Hanoi. It is on National Highway No.2 linking Hanoi with Ha Giang Province and China Border. The train from Hanoi to Lao Cai stops in Viet Tri.